Fretboard Harmony: Harmonising the Dorian Mode

Harmonising the Dorian Mode video: Please watch for explanation:

In the exercises below you will see how to make the dorian mode sound “Jazzy”. We do this by harmonising the scale [Mode] in chords made of 4ths.

Not all are perfect 4ths though as you will see in the example below:

1

Here is the Dorian mode harmonised in 4ths. This use of 4ths creates what is known as quartal harmony.

C DORIAN MODE HARMONISED IN 4THS [QUARTAL HARMONY]

Dorian Mode Harmonised in chordsC DORIAN MODE BROKEN UP INTO 4THS

Dorian mode chord scale 4ths outlineC DORIAN MODE “CHORDAL PICKING” IN 4THS

Dorian Mode fretboard harmony scale chordFor more on the dorian mode, quartal harmony and modal jazz in general take a listen to the great Jazz pianist Mcoy Tyner.

 

 

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Which Jazz theory practice book to start with?

When Looking for jazz improvisation literature people will walk into a sheet music department and sometimes be astounded at the prices of the theory and practice books. A concise quality book that contains all of the essential information and is well written and easy to follow can start anywhere from $30 to $150 plus for the Lydian Chromatic Concept!

So I have whittled it down to 3 books. [I am sure there are some other very well written books out there that is not on my list] but any of these three books will hold you in good stead when you are starting out.

The first 2 books are “Inexpensive” and contain a mountain of material.

 

BOOK 1: JAZZ SOLOS BY LES WISE. THIS BOOK IS IDEAL FOR GUITARISTS BECAUSE IT HAS TABLATURE

JAZZ SOLOS BY LES WISE

BOOK 2: JAZZOLOGY BY ROBERT RAWLINGS AND NOR EDDINE BAHHA

JAZZOLOGY BY ROBERT RAWLINGS AND NOR EDDINE BAHHA

BOOK3: A BIT MORE EXPENSIVE BUT IT IS A COMPLETE ENCYCLOPEDIA BY MARK LEVINE CALLED “THE JAZZ THEORY BOOK”

MARK LEVINE  "THE JAZZ THEORY BOOK"

As I state in the video you can get these books secondhand on Amazon [CLICK LOGO/LINK BELOW] even cheaper or you can try your local library. But, I would suggest owning a copy of one of them in order to pencil in your own thoughts, directions and favourite exercises etc.

Amazon-logo

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John Mclaughlin Jazz Fusion Line Breakdown

There are two parts to this. The second lesson is a variation. The dominant chord in this 2 5 1 is altered.

This creates a nice way to create flow with the fingering when alternate picking in the style of John Mclaughlin. As you play through the Notation/Tab [below] this will become apparent very quickly.

 

John Mclaughlin guitar lesson finishing with a D flat Triad for G7 alt

 

John Mclaughlin Jazz Improvisation guitar lesson jazzimproviser

LINE BREAKDOWN: Breaking down the line into 4 note cells [Tetrachords]

TETRACHORD 1

jazzimproviser

TETRACHORD 2

this is the way I do it

TETRACHORD 3

this is the way I do it

TETRACHORD 4

This is the way I do it

TETRACHORD 5

Mclaughlin this is the way I do it

TETRACHORD 6

This is the way I do it

TETRACHORD 7

This is the way I do it John Mclaughlin

TETRACHORD 8

This is the way I do it

VARIATION of the John Mclaughlin jazz fusion improvisation guitar lesson finishing with an E flat Triad for the G7 alt

John Mclaughlin Jazz Improvisation guitar lesson. Altered scales

For more info John Mclaughlin has a DVD:

John Mclaughlin This is the way I do it

John Mclaughlin Acoustic Jazz Alt Dom Lick

John Mclaughlin Altered Dominant Line. Break each group into 4 note cells [Tetrachords] and learn 1 group of 4 notes at a time with the fingering and then join it all together.

6 2 “5- ALTERED” 1 

Jazz improvising altered scale alt dom lick lesson How to

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Don Mock/Brecker “Outside” Chromatics for Jazz/Fusion Guitar lines

Outside playing using approach notes/target tones.

Below is a Jazzy Bebop sounding line from Don Mock. It also has that Brecker chromatic feel to it where it can easily be pushed in to a more fusion-esque line. Here we are targeting  arpeggio and scale tones

Don Mock Jazz Improvisation guitar lesson

If we look a little closer we can see all of the Target tones/Approach notes setting the line up

Don Mock Jazz Improvisation guitar lesson target tones

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Michael Brecker “Outside” Jazz/Fusion playing for guitar

Breaking down Michael Brecker!

When looking at musical notation it can seem like random notes. But if we break down each group into 4 note groupings called “Tetrachords” we can break down the music theory and play each group on our instrument.

We can then remember the “Sound and Shape” of each cell and then join them together. In turn we can then apply these cells to our own instrumental playing/improvisations.

FULL SOLO LINE/PHRASE

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

1st Grouping of 4 notes [Tetrachord]=E flat Pentatonic shape/sound [Mixolydian]

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

2nd Tetrachord=A flat Minor triad and 4th interval [or #11  #9 and #5] [SAME AS 7TH TETRACHORD]

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

3rd Tetrachord=Minor scale fragment [#11 Lydian]

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

4th Tetrachord=Changing cell. [From flat 9 to C Jazz melodic minor] [SAME AS 9TH TETRACHORD]

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

5th Tetrachord=Very “Outside” D major pentatonic/4ths

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

6th Tetrachord =D major Pentatonic sound/shape [very “Out”]

 

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

7th Tetrachord=C minor arpeggio and 4th

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

8th Tetrachord=B flat major Pentatonic sound/shape

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

9th Tetrachord=C Melodic “Jazz” minor [Augmented] sound/shape [same as 4th Tetrachord]

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

10th Tetrachord = Perfect 4th and major 3rd creating triad pairs sound/shape [or E flat minor 11 implication or G FLAT/a flat]

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

 

Lastly= Flat 6 for C minor

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker Lesson

FULL LENGTH “INDEPTH” VIDEO BELOW

CONCLUSION:

In terms of fingering and musical application on our instruments learning shapes and “Connections” and breaking phrases down into 4 note cells [Tetrachords] is really useful because complex lines can be understood and learnt quickly.

In turn this gives us lots of patterns for improvisation and theoretical knowledge to improvise with as opposed to just playing scales and arpeggios.

If you found this easy then try and break this solo down into“Hexatonic” scale application. You might find it really interesting!

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MICHAEL BRECKER #2

CHROMATICS AND CELL [TETRACHORD] REPLICATION 

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker lesson

Played 8va

To begin with we have a bit of standard Be Bop chromaticism

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker lesson

BUT!

If we look further we can see that we have an exact replicated cell that descends in minor 3rds weaving in and out of the harmony.

4 note  cell

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker lesson

2 four note cells descending in minor 3rds replicated

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker lesson

We can now look at the whole line and see and hear where the descending replicated cells in minor 3rds start and how they serve their purpose.

Jazz improvisation Michael Brecker lesson

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