Enclosure/Approach notes Jazz Chromatics

The key to understanding this is to look where the little target tones/enclosure motif/melody starts.

Here we have two.

The first is “OFF” the BEAT

and the second is “ON” the beat

Example 1: “Off Beat” classic target tone/enclosure set-up

Jazz chromatic target tones explained

Example 2: “On the beat” and in the bar set-up in the improvised line [Target tone/Enclosure]

On the beat jazz Target tone/Enclosure for improv


What you will notice is that the Chord tones are “on” the beat [Strong] whilst the chromatic or unessential notes are “Off” the beat.  

This is the key to how it works and how to create beautiful flowing lines easily!

Bebop target tones enclosure jazz improvisation explanation
Chord tones on the “Strong” Beats for jazz enclosure

Full Target tones/Enclosure Jazz Chromatics improvisation lick/line

Target tones/Enclosure Jazz Chromatics improv lick/line

PART 2: Longer lines.

Exercise 1: “Off beat” enclosure starting on the 5th string of the guitar creating chromatics for a fluid jazz improvised line.

enclosure /target tones set up off the beat for jazz improvisation
Jazz Chromatic improvised line

Notice: After the first “Off beat” enclosure there are two more set-ups for enclosure starting “On” the beat. Both starting on the 3rd beat.

Enclosure target tones jazz lesson
“Off” Beat and “On” Beat Enclosure to set-up chromatics for the improvised jazz line

Off beat set-up

Off the beat Enclosure Target tones
“Off” Beat Enclosure [Anacrusis] set-up

Set-up “On” the Beat

On beat Enclosure
“On” the beat Enclosure set-up for chromatic jazz improvisation

Enclosure jazz improvisation how to use it

Variation: Starting the Enclosure/Target tones from the 6th string of the guitar.

Target Tones jazz improvisation
Enclosure/Target tones from the 6th string of the guitar

As before we start with an “Off-beat” and then employ two more sets of enclosure “On” the beat. Both starting on the 1st beat of the bar.

Target tone and jazz improvisation how to
“Off” beat and “On” beat Enclosure

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