Messiaen, Fripp, Mclaughlin, Schoenberg, 21st century harmonic concepts

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DETAILED ANALYSIS IN THE VIDEO BELOW:

Messiaen, Fripp, Mclaughlin, Schoenberg, 21st century harmonic concepts

In this blog we will look at improvising over one chord. This will be D minor [D Dorian].

Messiaen, Fripp, Mclaughlin, Schoenberg, 21st century harmonic concepts

The key is to use chromaticism, tertian harmony, superimposition and outside harmonic content in order to create interesting improvised lines and move away from the cliches of scales and modes to create originality.

For example:

Messiaen, Fripp, Mclaughlin, Schoenberg, 21st century harmonic concepts

The key for smoothness is to be aware of where the 1/2 steps [Semitones]are in the “Connections”.

If we look below we can see where the 1/2 steps connect and how to play off of the tonic note with this. In this case we play off of the tonic D note resolving straight into the Eb note for Eb melodic minor. We can then resolve down a half step to C#m and back down into D Dorian

Messiaen, Fripp, Mclaughlin, Schoenberg, 21st century harmonic concepts
Fripp ,Brecker, Mclaughlin chromatic Improvising method for jazz fusion improvisation
Chromatic jazz improvisation Brecker, Mclaughlin and creative Fripp improvising concepts

So as you can see it is easy to weave in and out of the harmony and get back to D Dorian via the 1/2 step.

Fripp ,Brecker, Mclaughlin chromatic Improvising method for jazz fusion improvisation

Below is a line that beautifully weaves in and out of D minor

Messiaen, Fripp, Mclaughlin, Schoenberg, 21st century harmonic concepts

In this next example we will use tertian harmony and exploit superimposition. We will employ D melodic minor and and keep extending via C melodic minor.

Fripp ,Brecker, Mclaughlin chromatic Improvising method for jazz fusion improvisation

Now we will extend the whole line:

Fripp ,Brecker, Mclaughlin chromatic Improvising method for jazz fusion improvisation

As another idea, there are still useful concepts like “Target Tones”. These can be manipulated without resorting to cliches.

Fripp ,Brecker, Mclaughlin chromatic Improvising method for jazz fusion improvisation

Lastly we will exploit the use flat 5 concepts. In this case there is an Abmaj7/D and a Cmaj7/F# with which we can be creative.

Fripp ,Brecker, Mclaughlin chromatic Improvising method for jazz fusion improvisation

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Enclosure/Target tones/Approach notes/Encircling and How to use them #2

Exercise 1: “Off beat” enclosure starting on the 5th string of the guitar creating chromatics for a fluid jazz improvised line.

enclosure /target tones set up off the beat for jazz improvisation
Jazz Chromatic improvised line

Notice: After the first “Off beat” enclosure there are two more set-ups for enclosure starting “On” the beat. Both starting on the 3rd beat.

Enclosure target tones jazz lesson
“Off” Beat and “On” Beat Enclosure to set-up chromatics for the improvised jazz line

Off beat set-up

Off the beat Enclosure Target tones
“Off” Beat Enclosure [Anacrusis] set-up

Set-up “On” the Beat

On beat Enclosure
“On” the beat Enclosure set-up for chromatic jazz improvisation

Enclosure jazz improvisation how to use it

Variation: Starting the Enclosure/Target tones from the 6th string of the guitar.

Target Tones jazz improvisation
Enclosure/Target tones from the 6th string of the guitar

As before we start with an “Off-beat” and then employ two more sets of enclosure “On” the beat. Both starting on the 1st beat of the bar.

Target tone and jazz improvisation how to
“Off” beat and “On” beat Enclosure

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Alternate Picking Guitar Acoustic Fusion

This little alternate picking guitar exercise is taken from John Mclaughlin’s acoustic jazz fusion C.D “Belo Herozonte”.

Although this is a simple and short exercise it displays the way to open up and extend long fluid alternate picking improvised jazz fusion guitar lines.

You can either employ orthodox fingering or the fingering that I use.

John Mclaughlin Alternate Picking “Belo Herozonte’ Guitar lick/Exercise:

alternate picking jazz fusion  john mclaughlin guitar lesson

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Jazz/fusion improvisation Altered scale Theory Lesson

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Today we will look at a John Mclaughlin alternate picking Jazz/Fusion improvisation cadence employing the altered dominant chord! Please watch the video below and then try it out yourself.

As you will see this cadence employs the Altered scale. It is a 2 [minor 7 flat 5] going to 5 [ “Altered Dominant”] 1 [major 7th]. This being Dm7 flat 5  G7 altered resolving to C major7.

I also employ a flat 5 substitution on the Dm7 flat 5. All of this resolves though and slips nicely into the altered dominant 5 chord. I also use pentatonics within the altered scale for rhythmic flow. Please look at the TAB/MUSIC below and play through it yourself to see and feel how it all “Naturally” unfolds. I employ alternate picking the same as John Mclaughlin.

John Mclaughlin alternate picking altered scale line Music/Tab

John Mclaughlin Alternate picking Altered scale jazz improviser line

VARIATION With an A flat Pentatonic shape replacing A flat minor/Major Arpeggio for the flat 5 substitution.

 

Altered scale jazz improvisation, jazz improviser lesson

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