Music Theory Modern Jazz Improvisation and 20th Century Classic lessons, Guitar Jazz Fusion John Mclaughlin Al di Meoala improvisation techniques explanations in notation, tablature and video
Category: Jazz fusion guitar music theory lessons, guitar technique and improvisation.
How to improvise over altered dominant chords. How to employ chromatic jazz and fusion harmony. Apply twentieth century classical composition techniques to modern jazz music and improv. How to exploit modes of the major. minor and diminished scales. Lesson in alternate picking guitar techniques as used by John Mclaughlin and Al di Meola. How to do metal rock and all styles of alternate picking on the guitar. Plectrum pick technique for electric and acoustic guitarists. alternate guitar style of picking lessons.
Just a quick blog today, But a great one with a great backing track for improvisers!
This starts as a common blues, but it adds interest by employing “Coltrane Changes” to the last 4 bars. A great compositional device that adds extra interest to a blues. It’s also a cool improvisational concept for the improviser whilst adding colour as a turnaround.
Coltrane Chord chart analysis: Notice the C7alt [Alt Dom] for the Fm7 as the Coltrane changes set-up!
Finally, here is the 12 Bar “Coltrane Blues” Chord Chart for jazz improvisation: 140 Bpm.
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Going forward with our Jacob Collier SUPER-ULTRA-HYPER-MEGA-META blogs/pages it is a good idea to look at other relevant concepts within the ideal of extension. In this blog we will look at how 12 tone, 23rd chords, tertian harmony and polytonality play a fascinating part.
We will start with the #15 Arpeggio [Superimposition as used by Lennie Tristano]. Below you will see this in action with a Cma7 and a Dmaj7 arpeggio combined. This creates a sharpened 15th [or Augmented 15th arpeggio].
Below, you will see the full extension of this with a full 23rd chord [The largest chord in music]. This can be viewed as polytonal, polychordal, 12 tone row, or “Tertian” harmony as a full 23rd chord.
All 12 notes of the chromatic scale are used, so, the following occurs [in this case in 3rds as Tertian harmony]
1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
In terms of improvisation it can be easier on the guitar to break up 4×3 semiquaver tetrachord lines into two HEXATONIC [2×6] lines as shown below.
Below we have the employment of triplets and the commonly used 4 note groupings of tetrachords.
Below is an example of employing the jazz improvisation concept of “Chord Pairs”
The key to improvising is to do something creative with the melody. To recompose it or to broaden it out or to instinctively develop the harmony. Most people take to the modes though with a compulsion to play “Carte Blanche” scale over a chord ad nauseam.
In this Blog/Vlog we will look at some ideas for bringing out the actual flavour of the most talked about mode of them all the “Dorian Mode”.
Most people look at the dorian mode as being a scale of C major starting on the note D. But here is how it works.
ANSWER=D is one tone up from C for D Dorian, so C is one tone up from Bb for C Dorian.
Below we see the difference between C minor and C dorian. C minor has the semitone between the 6th and 5th whereas C Dorian has a tone between the 5th and 6th notes. Dorian Raises the 6th note up a semitone. Without the raised 6th note C would just sound minor and not dorian, so bringing out this 6th note [as it will be in a melody to imply that we are in the dorian mode] is essential to creating actual music and phrasing and not just playing a scale over a chord.
In order to bring out that A natural note in C dorian an easy way is to employ an arpeggio like Bb major 7th. This is very useful, melodic and can be played in 4 note groupings.
Next we can employ some basic chord pairs.
C minor 7 and F major
F major and Eb major
Now we can broaden out on this with C minor and D minor
Bb and G minor
We can also employ pentatonics to bring out the flavour [melody] of a tune.
Another example =Short pentatonic scale that ends/resolves with the A natural note [Raised 6th] and played in 4 note cells [Tetrachords]
Finally it’s a good idea to look at the arpeggios available that line up one after the other.
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