Mastering Coltrane changes in all 12 keys

If you look at the diagram below you will see the reharmonisation of the basic 2 5 1 cadence resulting in the “Coltrane changes”.

changes

We will now take the first 4 bars of John Coltrane’s Composition “Countdown” and play it in all 12 keys moving in 4ths. Below are two examples of what to play using 4 note groupings [Tetrachords}

Coltrane’s countdown first 4 bars idea starting with D minor 7th

Coltrane countdown guitar changes

Coltranes’s Countdown up a 4th starting with G minor 7th

Mastering Coltrane countdown chord changes

Coltrane’s “Countdown” changes chart

Play through all 12 keys for fluid jazz improvisation development in the John Coltrane style.

Countdown coltrane changes jazz improvisation sheet

Mastering Coltrane changes chord chart

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Diminished scale for jazz Improvisation licks and application

The most common concept for the diminished scale is to sequence or repeat a motif by a minor 3rd. Below is an example of this.

Below we see and hear “Tetrachords” repeated or sequenced descending with the minor 3rd interval creating a beautiful flowing jazz double timed improvised line.

the diminished scale descending in minor 3rds jazz improvisation

Guitar Tablature and notation of the above diminished scale motif descending in minor 3rds.

Guitar  diminished scale descending in minor 3rds in jazz improv

diminished lick number 2

Below is another set of four note “Tetrachord” groupings descending in minor 3rds from the diminished scale.

diminished scale jazz improvisation lick descending in minor 3rds

Guitar Tablature for the above diminished scale jazz lick

Guitar diminished scale jazz improvisation lick

DIMINISHED CLICHES FOR JAZZ IMPROVISATION

The next lick is a bit of a diminished cliche but it always works and is very useful when improvising in a jazz context.

Again, notice the descending minor 3rds and 4 note tetrachord groupings which is very common in jazz improvisation when doubling the time from 8ths into 16ths.

diminished scale jazz cliche lick in minor 3rds

Guitar tab and notation for the above diminished cliche jazz improvisation lick

Guitar  diminished scale jazz lick descending in minor 3rds

ascending minor 3rds diminished jazz lick

Lastly, we have a diminished scale idea/lick “Ascending” in minor 3rds. Again, a bit of a cliche but very useful for jazz improvisation.

diminished scale ascending in minor 3rds

Guitar tablature and notion of the above diminished scale jazz lick

Guitar diminished scale ascending in minor 3rds

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John Mclaughlin Jazz/Fusion Improvisation Guitar Line

A short line from jazz fusion pioneer and guitar great john mclaughlin

John Mclaughlin Jazz fusion guitar improvisation tab and music notation

John Mclaughlin Improvisation guitar lick
John Mclaughlin Alt Dom jazz fusion guitar lick/line

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Neapolitan 6ths and Augmented French, Italian and German 6th Chords

The “Neapolitan 6th” chord is a 1st inversion of the supertonic [chord two] triad but with the  root and fifth lowered a half step. Neapolitan 6th chord lesson example

In modern terms we could think of it as a flattened second chord 1st inversion. Below is a more popular common approach.

Neapolitan 6th chord  modern

Minor Key example:

[In this case only the root is lowered as the C minor key signature already has the Ab in the key signature]

Neapolitan 6th chord minor key

OTHER COMMON AUGMENTED 6 TH CHORDS

French Sixth Italian Sixth German Sixth Augmented 6th Chords

These chords can occur on the flattened submediant [flattened chord 6] of the major scale or the normal submediant [chord 6] of the minor scale.

FRENCH SIXTH

French sixth chord augmented 6th explanation

ITALIAN 6TH

Italian sixth chord augmented 6th

GERMAN 6TH

German 6th augmented chord explanation lesson

9ths 11ths and 13ths harmony:

9th 11th and 13th chords explained music theory

One last idea using the 7th chord as a Diminished chord followed by the dominant 7th 1st inversion to C the Tonic chord.

Diminished 7th chords for cadences

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Fretboard Harmony: Harmonising the Dorian Mode

Harmonising the Dorian Mode video: Please watch for explanation:

In the exercises below you will see how to make the dorian mode sound “Jazzy”. We do this by harmonising the scale [Mode] in chords made of 4ths.

Not all are perfect 4ths though as you will see in the example below:

1

Here is the Dorian mode harmonised in 4ths. This use of 4ths creates what is known as quartal harmony.

C DORIAN MODE HARMONISED IN 4THS [QUARTAL HARMONY]

Dorian Mode Harmonised in chordsC DORIAN MODE BROKEN UP INTO 4THS

Dorian mode chord scale 4ths outlineC DORIAN MODE “CHORDAL PICKING” IN 4THS

Dorian Mode fretboard harmony scale chordFor more on the dorian mode, quartal harmony and modal jazz in general take a listen to the great Jazz pianist Mcoy Tyner.

 

 

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Bathed in Lightning! By Colin Harper: Book Review

For any John Mclaughlin guitar fans this is a must read book!

Ironically, there is not a lot written about Jazz/Fusion guitar legend John Mclaughlin so it’s refreshing to get a great wedge of a book to digest that encapsulates new and intriguing info.

Anyone with an interest in the gritty reality of 60’s London will find this book an immensely enjoyable read!

 

On a separate note: Looking back at London Music haunts today and Yesteryear!

Denmark Street London: Hanks Guitars [What used to be Andy’s guitar workshop]

 

Hanks guitars london denmark street

Denmark Street London: What used to be Hanks!

London Denmark Street music shops
LONDON, UK – JULY 9, 2016: People visit musical instruments shops at Denmark Street, London. Denmark Street is notable for its sheet music stores, musical instruments shops and studios.

Charing Cross Road: The Famous Macari’s Musical instruments. This shop has been going steady for years and will hopefully keep going steady for years to come!

macaris-charing-cross-road-guitars and musical instruments shop

Charing Cross Road: The original shop. Macari’s Musical Exchange. Opened 1958. Want an amp fixed Joe and Larry can do it!

Macari's musical instruments and exchange original shop

What was “Selmer” where John Mclaughlin worked. It became the Turn Key Shop a hugely successful musical instruments and technology retailer until 2007/2008 when “Shockingly” it closed it’s doors.

Selmer where  guitarist John Mclaughlin worked

The Turnkey shop: s h u t! Hard to believe at the time, it was always such a successful business with two full page sales spreads in the monthly music technology magazines. I spent a few quid in there, I can tell you!

Turnkey Shop Shut and closed after many successful years

The Flamingo Club: Wardour Street Soho London: It’s now O’Neill’s pub.

The Flamingo Club where John Mclaughlin played

Ronnie Scott’s  47 Frith St, Soho, London. The old place was situated at 39 Gerrard Street

Ronnie Scott's  47 Frith St, Soho, London.

Ah,Remember the good ‘ole days?

The Flamingo Club Soho Wardour street

Back to the book about the 60’s Music Scene!

A truly great book that delves into the 60’s London music scene and sheds light on all the different characters of the day interwoven in a fascinating tapestry with guitarist supremo Jonny Mclaughlin as the main protagonist extraordinaire!

BATHED IN LIGHTNING JOHN MCLAUGHLIN, by Colin Harper

BATHED IN LIGHTNING
JOHN MCLAUGHLIN, THE 60S AND THE EMERALD BEYOND
by COLIN HARPER £14.95

CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

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CYCLE OF 4THS GUITAR LESSON

To begin with lets look at the guitar “Cliche” that employs triplets

cycle of 5ths triplet guitar exercise

cycle of 5ths triplet guitar exercise descending

In practice though and under pressure from a fast tempo this triplet concept generally becomes rhythmically ineffective.

So what do we do?

Well, we employ our old friends “TETRACHORDS”

If you play through the exercise below you will be aware that the employment of Pentatonic’s, Major/Minor arpeggios and plain arpeggios gives us great rhythmical strength and easy guitar fingering.

cycle of 5ths pentatonic's guitar lesson

cycle of 5ths pentatonic's guitar lesson

cycle of 5ths pentatonic's guitar lesson

NOTICE THE REPEATED PATTERN AND GUITAR FINGERING.

cycle of 5ths arpeggios jazz improvisation guitar lesson

cycle of 5ths arpeggios jazz improvisation guitar lesson

CYCLE #2 Ideas

 BELOW:

CYCLE OF 5THS AND REVERSE THE CYCLE OF 4THS

2bfdf7f761ee8bbd63ecbb55cf8bd393

 

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